The ADDIE Backwards Model is similar to the “traditional” ADDIE model except that the steps in the Analysis Phase have been changed to follow Phillips' Needs Model and Kirkpatrick's Four Levels of Evaluations (see Introduction to the Analysis Phase for a full explanation). In addition, the steps within each phase are aligned with one of Phillips' Needs, as shown in the model below.

You might also want to read about the History of ADDIE and a A Framework for Designing Learning Environments.

Hovering your mouse over the below diagram will display a short description about that section of the ADDIE Backwards Planning Model. Clicking on it with your mouse will open up a new window with more information about it.

ADDIE Backwards Planning Model Implement Phase Model Analysis Phase Design Phase Development Phase Business Need Performance Analysis Needs Assessments step Learner Motivation Kirkpatrick's Four-Levels of Evaluation Kirkpatrick's Four-Levels of Evaluation Kirkpatrick's Four-Levels of Evaluation Kirkpatrick's Four-Levels of Evaluation Kirkpatrick's Four-Levels of Evaluation Learning Objective Learning Steps Motivate throughout the learning process Sequence & Structure the Learning Platform Performance Test List learner activities Choose Delivery System Review Existing Material Develop the Instruction Validate the Instruction Synthesize the learning platform Development Phase Analysis Phase