Donald Kirkpatrick and Evaluating Training
In 1956 Donald Kirkpatrick introduces his four-level model of evaluating training that remains one of the central parts Instructional System Design:
- Reaction - measures how those who participate in the program react to it.
- Learning - the extent to which participants change attitudes, improve knowledge, and increase skill as a result of attending the program.
- Behavior - the extent to which a change in behavior has occurred because the participants attended the training program.
- Results - the final results that occurred because the participants attended the program.
For more information, see Kirkpatrick's Four-Level Evaluation Model.